Born on February 6, 1945, in St. Ann Parish, Jamaica, Bob Marley was the son of a white 60-year-old plantation overseer and a black 19-year-old country village girl.
He lived in the slums of Jamaica in his early childhood, which usually leads to creating a mindset of blaming, negativism, revenge, hopelessness, and more. Instead, his heart was full of love, gratitude and joy. He first achieved that by using the hardships to come out stronger.
The first challenge life brought him that had to do with finding his identity, was his mixed race. That even led to being bullied. His mother named him Nesta. However, the official institutions didn’t like it and changed it to Robert.
He spent his first years in a rural village, but later the family moved to Kingston, Jamaica, with hopes of making a better life for themselves. There, they continued living in poverty. Bob Marley was referred to as the ‘white boy’ by locals, as his face obviously had many features of the white race. That made him feel isolated from the people there, although he wanted to be part of the community.
Robert Nesta Marley decided that these events don’t necessarily need to shape who he is and what his future will look like. He accepted these roadblocks as parts of the journey, and didn’t let them cloud his vision or take control over his thoughts and peace of mind. He accepted that he’s part of 2 races, became confident about his origin, and considered himself on God’s side. He said that all this helped him develop his philosophy and that he was neither on the white man’s side, nor the black’s.
Bob Marley left school quite early and became an apprentice welder. He decided it’s best for everyone if he quits, after he had suffered an injury at work. But before that, one good friend from childhood not only shared his passion for music, but inspired him to learn to play the guitar.
Music was both his escape from reality — as he shares it’s what helped him deal with the poverty surrounding him — and his most favorite thing to do. As one of his most famous quotes goes:
“One good thing about music, when it hits you, you feel no pain.”
One of Bob Marley’s main philosophies is that we should be living with free minds, and that we are the ones in charge. That if we decide to, we can free ourselves from the burden of all bad things existing in the world, and can find peace. He used music as a tool to spread his message and help people let go and feel good.
His neighborhood in Kingston was also the home of some good performers. He got to know a few good names in the industry, found inspiration in the face of successful artists, and also met a producer who wanted to give him a chance. Bob then recorded a few singles that did well and marked the beginning of his music career.
After meeting someone else who shared his love for music, and getting the friend that inspired him to start playing the guitar when in school, the trio began writing songs.
A huge component of Bob Marley’s life story is starting his first band in 1962. It was named The Wailers as they considered themselves ghetto sufferers.
At that time Bob Marley was 17 years old, and he also meets his wife, and a person he considers his mentor – Joe Higgs – who influenced his mindset and life. Soon after, Higgs begins coaching the new band and helps them with songwriting and singing.
Two years later The Wailers sell more than 80,000 copies and become part of reggae history.
In 1970, Bob Marley founded a record label called Tuff Gong. Later on in England, The Wailers receive their first serious contract which brought them worldwide exposure.
Bob Marley’s first album is Natty Dread. At that period of his life he performs on stage with Stevie Wonder. The last show with The Wailers also happens at that time.
The band disbanded in 1974, with each of the three main members pursuing a solo career. In 1975, Bob had his first international hit – “No Woman, No Cry”, 13 years after recording his first song.
Of course, that was highly influenced by the fact that he lived in poverty and experienced unfairness first hand, grew up when Jamaica gained independence and was thrown into a violent civil war.
Throughout his career, he wrote and sang about racism, unemployment, inequality and political violence in Jamaica and around the world. That turned him into an influential cultural icon and one of the most inspiring international artists.
“Better to die fighting for freedom then be a prisoner all the days of your life.”
Bob Marley’s life is an example of following your passion, turning the negative into positive, inspiring generations, having a purpose and not giving up in the face of injustice.
That didn’t remain unrecognized. He was voted as one of the greatest lyricists of all time by the BBC. Rolling Stone ranked him as No.11 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. And Exodus was voted Album of the Century by Time Magazine in 1999.
When he died, he left a legacy like few artists ever could. His philosophy will live on as long as his music is with us, and every new generation will hear about the Jamaican musician who started from nothing and changed the world with his art.