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Brief Historical Overview

Think urban space is also thinking about the historical heritage and cultural and heritage values as these are of vital importance in establishing a territorial identity: ” If the city is a reflection of society, it is no less true that, in turn, the city afeiçoa society”.

the urban areas keep signals from your remote past, both in its location, both in its structure and appearance or even in their traditions. In Bragança they acted, since the dawn of history two important short vectors: a Mediterranean influence and the European contribution.

The carried out archaeological findings show that human occupation in the Bragança district dates back to the late Paleolithic. However, in the Neolithic with the emergence of food producing communities, with the domestication of some animal species and the appearance forms of worship already well documented, it will have witnessed a growth of towns and communities. Of human occupation in these periods there are several remains, some of which are part of the existing collection in the Museum of Abade de Bacal, namely varied pottery, polished stone axes, loom weights, arrowheads, and already later, bead axes, halberds , bracelets, brooches and also several articles of polished stone. Part of this booty was found in religious and funerary contexts, such as the mound of Donai, nowadays destroyed. However, you can still find many examples of megalithic monuments.

It is believed that the proto-historic communities have emerged in greater numbers in the North Country transmontana probably the end of the Bronze Age (1000-700 BC). These villages – forts – were generally fortified urban structures, sometimes with several lines of wall, and were located in high places and with good reach of the surrounding countryside, which facilitated their defense. Communities practiced a subsistence economy.

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