Serra with the name of a bird, which serves as home to some species of birds that choose the freedom of the great wild spaces. But it is due to the floristic cast and the vegetal formations that occur here that this mountain sees its importance for the Portuguese natural heritage recognized.
Here we find the Protected Landscape of Serra do Açor within whose limits we find Fraga da Pena and Mata da Margaraça.
Here we find the Site of Community Importance Complex do Açor composed of four distinct spaces:
the Mata da Margaraça
and São Pedro do Açor
Here is the southern limit of the distribution area of a rare plant: Narcissus asturiensis. It is in this mountain range that the Trepadeira-dos-muros (Tichodroma muraria) has appeared in the winters of the last years.
And this is the mountain range that houses more than half of the world population of a tree species, the Azereiro (Prunus lusitanica subsp lusitanica) which has in Mata da Margaraça the largest world population of the species concentrated in one place.
Between two of the mountains of Portugal – Serra da Lousã and Serra da Estrela -, in the center of Portugal, we find a small mountain range that does not reach, at its highest point, the 1350 meters of altitude. But it surprises and falls in love at first sight with the beautiful landscapes it offers to those who visit it.
After the first impact, with the wide-angle lens, we are zooming. And, as we get closer, we find impressive waterfalls, hidden among a dense vegetation that includes species so relevant to the national flora that led to the classification of this area as a Protected Landscape Area.
And, during this quasi-photographic recording exercise, you cannot fail to immortalize the beautiful schist villages in the region, which include the beautiful historic village of Piodão, also known as the “crib village”.
Serra do Açor was, in 1747, a mountain at the end of Vila de Coja, Bishopric of Coimbra, in Beira Province. It had its beginning in the place of Sobral, Bishopric of Guarda, and ended up in the village of Arganil. It would be six and a half leagues long, and two wide.
Her main arms were the Lombo do Vermelho, which starts at the site called Selado do Porco, and ends at Casal Novo, Cepos parish; and it would be a league and a half wide. The other called Lomba Branca starts at Fonte Espinho, and ends at Ponte Fajão; its length would be a league, and a half wide.
It was too cold because of the snow, which normally covers it. A nameless stream was born from this mountain, which entered the Ceira River, where they call Foz Teixeira. At the edge of this mountain were some villages, such as Vila de Coja, Vila de Avô, and the places of Bemfeita, Pomares, Teixeira, Caratão, Aguadalte, Portocarreiro and Relvas.
Most of the land was cultivated, and the majority was populated with low and wild bush, and cattle and wool and fur grazed there, as were sheep and goats. The game he raised was partridges and rabbits.